Appalachia, Cary Mullins, Charley Mullins, Cole Adams, Daniel McCloud, Dixie Mullins, Eunice Farley, farming, genealogy, Harts, Harts Creek, history, Howard Adams, Jim Thompson, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, May Robinson, Mollie Robinson, Mud Fork, Sid Mullins, Tom Mullins, Twelve Pole Creek, Wayne Adams, West Virginia, Whirlwind
An unnamed correspondent from Whirlwind on Big Harts Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on April 12, 1927:
All the farmers are getting very busy in our vicinity, especially Wayne Adams.
Miss Unice Farley of Mud Fork was visiting her parents of Harts Tuesday.
May Robinson says she don’t know which one of the boys she loves best, Cole or Cary.
They are all taking a vote to find out which is the wisest man in town. Look out, Daniel, you’ll be the one.
Wonder why Jim Thompson didn’t want any pillow?
Wonder why Sid Mullins never visits Hoover any more?
Working is all the go among the farmers. Guess the men are getting plenty of chicken.
Daniel McCloud was calling on his best friends at Mollie Robinson’s on Sunday night.
Daniel and his sweet potatoes; Philip sowing oats; Edna going to the store; Ollie and his silk socks.
Sid Mullins and his oldest sister Miss Dixie Mullins went on a business trip to Logan Friday.
Charley Mullins was a visitor of Mr. and Mrs. Howard Adams Friday.
Tom Mullins went to see his mother on Twelvepole Thursday evening. She is very ill at this time.
Appalachia, Buck Fork, Daniel McCloud, farming, genealogy, George Adams, George Tucker Hensley, Harts Creek, history, Hoover Fork, Howard Adams, Ireland Mullins, James Thompson, Jesse Carter, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, Monaville, West Virginia, Whirlwind, White Oak, William Mullins
An unnamed correspondent from Whirlwind on Big Harts Creek in Logan County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on April 8, 1927:
We are having some very fine weather at this writing and everybody is preparing for farming.
Tucker Hensley of White Oak was a visitor to this creek Saturday.
Ireland Mullins was calling on his best girl on Hoover Saturday.
James Thompson has returned from his honeymoon trip, and everybody is wondering why he is looking so blue.
William Mullins was the guest of Daniel McCloud Saturday afternoon. The whole family were glad to see him back after his long absence.
We are listening for wedding bells to ring on Buck Fork. Hurry up, Fred.
Jesse Carter of Monaville was visiting relatives on Hoover Saturday.
George Adams is attending to business at Logan this week.
Howard Adams was visiting on Hoover Sunday.
Albert Cabell, Albert Fry, Appalachia, Atenville, Beatrice Adkins, Bessie Adkins, Bill Adkins, Blaine Powers, Bob Powers, Caroline Brumfield, Catherine Adkins, Charles Brumfield, Christmas, Curtis Dempsey, Floyd Dingess, Fred Adkins, genealogy, Harts, Herb Adkins, history, Inez Adkins, James Porter, Jessie Brumfield, Kyle Topping, Lee Adkins, Lincoln County, Logan Banner, Lola Adkins, Luther Dempsey, Nola Adkins, Nora Brumfield, Pearl Adkins, Ranger, Sadie Powers, Sylvia Shelton, Watson Adkins, Weltha Gore, Wes Smith, West Virginia, Williamson
An unnamed correspondent from Harts in Lincoln County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on December 11, 1925:
Seems to be a busy day at Harts. Every body at work.
Mrs. Nora Brumfield is teaching a very successful school here.
Mrs. F.D. Adkins is ill at this writing.
Mrs. Wealtha Gore of Williamson was visiting relatives of this place Sunday.
Mrs. Watson Adkins was calling on Mrs. R.L. Powers Sunday.
Mrs. L.D. Adkins was calling on Mrs. Fred Adkins Monday.
Mr. Floyd Dingess was calling on Mr. Herb Adkins Sunday.
Mrs. Beatrice Adkins was calling on Mrs. Catherine Adkins Friday.
Miss Pearl Adkins has been doing quite a lot of sewing and embroidering in the past month. Wonder who is going to get Xmas presents.
Miss Jessie Brumfield was seen passing through Harts Sunday.
Miss Sylvia Shelton and Mrs. Kyle Topping of Atenville were calling on friends at Harts Friday.
Mr. Albert Fry of Ranger was calling on Mr. Lewis Dempsey Sunday.
Mr. Bill Adkins was a caller at Mr. Luther Dempsey’s Sunday.
Combinations: Fred and his mule teams; Herb and his new shoes; Jessie and her spring coat; Inez and her apron; Pearl and her hose; James and his pups; Samuel and his books; Bill and his girls; Luther and his friends; Sadie going to the store; Rinda in her kitchen; Mae and her friends; Nora and her school; Catherine and her checkered dress; Bessie and her pencil; Robert staying with the children; Curtis and his new clothes; Marguerite and her basket; Den and his girl; Edgar and his wagon; Luther and his sore arm; Robert and his new job; Henry and his handcar; Blain and his bottle.
Mrs. James Porter has been on the sick list for a few days.
Mr. Albert Cabell was visiting Mr. F.D. Adkins Monday night.
Misses Nola and Lola Adkins were calling on Miss Pearl Adkins Tuesday.
Mr. Wes Smith and Albert Cabell were the dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Brumfield Tuesday.
From the Logan Banner, of Logan, WV, comes this editorial about unionization, dated March 21, 1913:
STRANGE MINERS cannot get work at all in the principal Logan County mines, it is said, and even in the smaller mines an applicant has to run the gauntlet of a series of “family-history-cross-examination-questions” that would stagger a Philadelphia lawyer before one gets a job–and then like as not get turned down because he is not of Logan county. The precaution is fully warranted. The United Mine Workers hope to control the Guyan Valley field, if they ever DO–and THEY NEVER WILL–by first “organizing” the smaller, isolated mines by “smuggling in” an agitator or two now and then and finally with one “grand sweep” capture the big works. If the labor leaders actually KNEW certain conditions and “inside workings” now effective even in the small works half so well as they THINK they know them, they’d give up as a bad job their idea of “organizing” Logan county and go to honest work shoveling coal for a living themselves. During the past year, more than one “undesirable miner” has been shipped “bag and baggage” out of the valley because he let his agitation fever break out too strong, prematurely spoiling his little game. In another column will be found a news item of the shut-down of the Ramage works of the Spruce River Coal Co. We predict that some of Logan’s mines will turn off their power and “lock out” their employees before they will let the United Mine Workers conduct their business for them. So far as the corporation’s finances are concerned, the U.S. Coal & Oil Co. can shut down all of its Island Creek mines, burn its tipples, and dump its cash into Guyan river. And that’s what would best suit the competitive coal operators of other States! Likewise the miners’ union agitators and leaders! But there’s another side of the story–the miner and his family need the work in the coal-bank, the merchant needs some of the money he earns, Logan county needs its merchants and the outside world needs West Virginia coal–the BEST that “old mother earth” ever produced!
The following poem appeared in the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, on July 7, 1922. The author was Sally Godbey, who gave her address as the “State T.B. Sanitarium, Hopemont, Terra Alta, W.Va.”
THE HOPEMONT BLUES
When the golden sun is sinking
Behind the hills of old Hopemont,
When of home and friends I’m thinking
That “what-might-have-been” is not.
When the night birds’ soft notes falling,
Melodies sweet float on the air,
Then my thoughts go back to Logan,
And the friends that I left there.
When the sighing night-winds moaning,
Groaning through the old oak trees
and the strain of “Home Sweet Home”
Carry softly on the breeze,
Then is when my thoughts go roaming,
Filled with memories old and new
Days of gladness, days of sadness,
Nights so happy, nights so blue.
Though there’s many miles between us,
Little town I love you yet,
And I long to hurry back,
For I’m homesick and regret
That I ever left you Logan,
But I had to, so they say.
I’m lonesome for the old home town,
And I’m coming back some day,
They say that you are a dull little town,
They spell it with a capital D.
They wish that they could get away,
But you are all the world to me,
And though the world is a very big place
My home has always been with you.
And I find you quite a nice little town,
With friends both kind and true.
The Banner prefaced the poem with this: “The Logan Banner is the recipient of a constant chain of poems which would fill our columns if we even dared to publish them. People will never learn that poets are born, not made. However, we have just received one which is from a former Logan girl and now a patient at Hopemont. we are pleased to give this publicity and for genuine beauty of expression and sentiment it far excels many of those we see in the public print today. The author is Miss Sally Godbey and she calls the poem “The Hopemont Blues.” We will refrain from further comments but pass the beatufiul lines on to our readers with the request that they write Miss Godbey, care of State T.B. Sanitarium, at Hopemont, W.Va. and tell her what they think of her literary ability.”
Appalachia, Battle of Blair Mountain, Charles Town, Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad, coal, Democratic Party, deputy sheriff, Don Chafin, geography, history, Huntington, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, mine guards, politics, Republican Party, West Virignia
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, comes this editorial about mine guards, dated June 30, 1922:
MINE GUARDS OF LOGAN
The attorneys for the defense in the miners’ trials at Charles Town, which have been in progress for the past several weeks, have taken every opportunity of referring to the deputy sheriffs of Logan county mine guards as “thugs” and “two-gun men.”
Logan county is, and has been for several years, ruled by officers elected on the Democratic ticket. The Logan Banner adheres to the party of Lincoln, Grant, Roosevelt and Harding. It believes in the policy of the Grand Old Party and so long as that belief endures we will be found advocating the doctrines as preached by the leaders of this political organization.
Politics has no place in the discussion of the so called mine guard system in Logan county. We hold the love and respect of our homes far above any reverence to political parties and when the good name of Logan is attacked we forget political lines and join with the good people of this vast community in resenting any reflection on the fair name of Logan.
It has always been a mystery to us why the demand for the abolishment of the extra number of deputy sheriffs in this county should come from parties who are non-residents of the county? Who has demanded their abolishment? What cry has been heard from Logan county for aid? What facts have been presented of any unlawful acts committed at the hands of officers in this county?
Logan is filled with men of the highest type of intelligence. Likewise, they have many, many men here who are as brave as any men to be found in the nation. These men would not, for an instant, be a party to crimes in the county without raising their voices in protest. When it is all sifted down, it is found the hue and cry for a change of conditions is raised by those other than citizens of Logan county. Here are four points that must be borne in mind when considering Logan county:
- Due to the natural geographical conditions, Logan is rather isolated from other sections of the state.
- Due to this isolation and the fact that it is far removed from through transportation facilities, it is hard to attract labor here.
- In order to secure labor it becomes necessary to employ many who have had previous criminal careers.
- The county is mountainous, the operations are many and widely scattered, and the forces of deputies are not too many but otherwise too small to maintain order and uphold the law in an area of 400 square miles
Logan is situated among the mountains with but one natural outlet. This is by way of the C. & O. branch line to Huntington. The county is naturally divided by creeks, valleys, and branch railway lines. On these can be found many operations, employing hundreds of laborers, and to successfully cope with the lawless the sheriff is naturally required to employ more than the usual amount of deputies.
If Logan county was situated on the trunk line of any railway system, it would be a much easier task to supply the mines with labor, but due to the fact that it is far removed from any other section of the state and that in order to reach any other point, east, west, north or south it becomes necessary to travel over a distance of 75 miles to Huntington, labor is hard to obtain.
In securing this labor to fill the requirements of the large corporations operating here, it is necessary to visit the employment agencies located in the larger cities. Anyone acquainted with these agencies recognize the fact they are not scrupulous about whom they list, and the natural consequence is that many brought here on transportation are recognized criminals and members of all nationalities. Not all of them, thank goodness, are of the lawless class, but many are. They require constant watching and close scrutiny to see that their criminal tendencies do not become too pronounced. In order to do this it becomes imperative to have a large force of officers.
In view of the fact that there are 142 operations in this county and that approximately 50,000 people are laboring within our borders it can be readily seen that 35 deputies are a comparative small force to exercise supervision over such a huge population. Should a riot break out within our county it would require at least eight hours to obtain help from any section of the state. The fact that Logan needs as large a force of officers was amply attested when the armed march was made on Logan last August.
This article is not written in the defense of Don Chafin or his deputies. They need no defense at our hands. It is not written in defense of a policy adopted by any political party in the county. Regardless of the political affiliations of the sheriff, the Banner would earnestly recommend to anyone, be he the most rabid Republican in the county, if they should be sheriff, the retention of an official force as large as is now employed.
A great hue and cry has been raised because the salaries of these officers have been paid by the coal operators. Let us for a moment realize that the coal industry in the county is the sole industry in our midst. Upon the shoulders of these operators fall the burden of the peace and happiness of their employees. It is in order to furnish these employees protection and security that they have gone into their pocket books and paid for this protection. Who objects? Have you heard a taxpayer in Logan county object? Not one. They are perfectly willing that this cost shall be borne by the operators. They might as well object to the operators subscribing to better schools in Logan. Also voice opposition to better roads, the burden of which falls on the shoulders of the operators.
No one has heard a Macedonian cry from Logan for aid? Not even when union fields of the state were appealing for bread. If there was ever an example of the benefits of the non-union shop plan it was simply exemplified during the recent dull period. Logan worked and fared well. We have no ills to cure nor any abuses that need redress. The propaganda put forth pour from the foul mouths of others than citizens of Logan county and we beseech them to busy themselves with affairs other than ours, for we are perfectly able to take care of ourselves, and when we need their assistance, or advice, we will call for them loud and long.
A.B. Gillan, Annie Dingess, Appalachia, Atenville, Beatrice Adkins, Bessie Adkins, Bill Adkins, Bill Farris, Caroline Brumfield, Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad, Cora Adkins, Fred Shelton, Hamlin, Harriet Dingess, Harts, Herbert Adkins, Huntington, Inez Adkins, Jessie Brumfield, Laura Lucas, Lincoln County, Logan, Logan Banner, Logan County, Man, Myrtle Mobley, Nora Brumfield, Sadie Powers, Sand Creek, Sesco Messinger, Sylvia Shelton, Tom Brumfield, Vina Adkins, West Virginia, Whirlwind
An unnamed correspondent from Harts in Lincoln County, West Virginia, offered the following items, which the Logan Banner printed on November 27, 1925:
Here comes Harts at the tip top again.
Mrs. Vina Adkins and children of Man are visiting relatives at Harts at the present time.
Mrs. Chas. Brumfield and children were the guests of her daughter, Mrs. Robert Dingess, of Whirlwind, Sunday.
Miss Sylvia Shelton and Laura Lucas of Sand Creek were calling on friends at Harts Monday.
Mr. Bill Faris is quite a popular fellow with all the girls at Harts now.
We wonder why Mr. Spencer is taking dinner with Mrs. Sadie Powers so often now?
Mrs. Herbert Adkins attended the circuit court at Hamlin the past week.
Miss Cora Adkins of Logan spent Sunday with home folks at Harts.
Mrs. Beatrice Adkins was shopping in Logan Saturday.
Miss Jessie Brumfield is progressing nicely with her school at Atenville.
Mr. Tom Brumfield and Sesco Messinger have opened up their new garage at Harts.
Miss Myrtle Mobley of Big Creek and Fred Shelton of Sand Creek were seen out walking through Harts Saturday evening.
Mr. A.B. Gillan, C. & O. operator of Huntington was calling on Miss Jessie Brumfield Monday evening.
Miss Harriet Dingess of Logan is visiting friends and relatives at Harts this week.
Combinations: Sadie and her red coat; Inez and bobbed hair; Bessie and her wrist watch; Nora and her powder puff; May and her purple dress; Tom in his garage; Bill and his grey suit; Jessie and her diamond ring.
Dear old Banner, we will see you again next week.
From the Logan Banner of Logan, WV, comes this item regarding streams in West Virginia. The item is dated September 11, 1925.
Warning Is Issued to State Tourists
Warning was issued Wednesday by officials of the state health department for tourists in West Virginia and to residents generally to be careful of the source of supply from which they may obtain their drinking water.
The drought in the state has caused numerous streams and wells to dry up, thus rendering persons liable to typhoid, which already has reached huge proportions, even beyond that of former years.
The typhoid germ, under such conditions, can easily breed, owing not only to safe wells becoming dry, but from low water in streams being unable to wash sewage and refuse away from communities.
Incidentally when rain does come, officials pointed out that precautions must be taken as the accumulated refuse and sewage which ordinarily is taken away gradually will be removed en-masse and often is thrown by high water upon banks to be left there after the waters recede.
E.S. Tisdale, chief sanitary engineer of the department, announced that his division is working out a system of seals which the officials plan to put on all safe water supplies for the benefit of tourists and residents. This system is similar to that of Ohio, which is called the “seal of safety,” and has been in successful effect in that state for a year. Indiana, Illinois and Pennsylvania also are employing the same method to insure safe water.
The season is so late, however, that it is not likely the drive to mark all safe water supplies will be put into effect before spring of next year.
The drought is not only causing disease menace but is causing the trees to die, thus creating fire menace in the forests and thousands of fish are dying in the streams for lack of water.